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Category Archives: History of the Czech Republic

The History of Czech Lands

Map Austira-HungaryIn the Bronze Age the Czech lands became one of the most advanced cultural areas of Europe. People started building a heavily fortified settlement. Some residents of these forts were specialized for craft.

At the end of the 8th century BC, the inhabitants of the Czech lands began to mass produce and utilize iron. Around the year 200 BC lived in our area the Celts, who were building large cities (oppidum), surrounded by massive walls.
At the beginning of the first millennium the Celtic civilization extinguished and Germanic tribes fell in our territory.
In the 7th century, the first state formation – Samo’s kingdom, was created in our country. In 9th century saw the sun Great Moravia, the State Mojmir. But the fragile Moravian state organization, did not last long raids nomads.
At the end of the 9th century the government in Bohemia was taken by the Premislids. The first known prince was Borivoj and his wife Ludmila.
After the death of the last Premislids’ King Wenceslas III., in 1306, Czech nobles couldn’t decide who to choose as King of Bohemia for several years. Read the rest of this entry »

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Rudolf II. Habsburg

Rudolf II. HabsburgIn 1575 Rudolf II. Habsburg gets on the Czech throne. At first he lived in Vienna and in 1583 moved the imperial court in Prague. Consequently, the Prague Castle and the city are modernized to treat the members of court and ambassadors, mainly from France, Spain, Venice and the Vatican.

The main interests of Rudolf II. include collecting and especially magic. Prague Castle is so full of significant art , magicians and alchemists, who in many cases only exploit the emperor’s favor. What was originally just a hobby later became the mania and Emperor Rudolf II., who has syphilis since 1597, starts listening to the servants, artists and alchemists, instead of giving the advice of his faithful.

The local gentry are becoming increasingly important and in 1609 they compel Emperor Rudolf II. to recognize the freedom of religion (Rudolph Majesty), and later, in 1611, abandoning the throne.

Rudolf II. Habsburg died in 1612 at the Prague Castle and is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral.

 
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Posted by on February 28, 2011 in History of the Czech Republic

 

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The First Saint of Bohemia

St. Wenceslas murderIt makes sense that the transition from paganism to Catholicism is not simple even if it is desired by the central government. So, in the Bohemian pagan customs remain for a long time. There are already efforts in the period of Great Moravia, but initially without a large response of the people (the mission of Cyril and Methodius in 863).

As the first true “star” of Catholicism in the country can be considered the prince Wenceslas who ruled the country in the years 925-935 and thanks to his education Read the rest of this entry »

 
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Posted by on February 25, 2011 in History of the Czech Republic

 

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The Foundation of Prague

History of Prague“The foundation and development of the city are closely related to the presence of Bohemian kings at the Prague Castle.”

Jumping the period of Celtic settlement area of Central Bohemia becomes important with the family of Premyslid. They ruled the country from the late 9th century for more than 400 years and developed it in one of the most powerful kingdoms of Europe. With the development of the state flourishes also the city and Prague is fast becoming one of the largest commercial crossing in central Europe.  Already in the 11th century Prague become, thanks to safety and geography, a meeting place for European, Asians, Arabs and Jews traders. The Jewish community in town very soon receives a special significance. Read the rest of this entry »

 

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