The Prague Castle is one of the real landmarks. For more than 1,100 years, rises on the hill above the Vltava River, and was seat of many generations of kings. Since 1918, when the Kingdom of Bohemia became a republic, is Prague Castle the official seat of the President. Because of this a part of Prague Castle is not opened to public.
Currently, the Prague Castle complex consists of several public squares (we can name: I. Courtyard of Prague Castle, II. Courtyard of Prague Castle, III. Courtyard of Prague Castle, St. George Square, Vikarska street, Jirska Street, part of street by the Powder Bridge, the Royal Garden, Terrace Garden at Prague Castle Riding School, Lumbe Garden, Deer Moat, Cyclopean stairs, Old Castle Stairs, Chateau stairs) and these major sights:
1) St. Vitus Cathedral – the main church of the country. It was founded already in 1344 by Charles IV. Luxembourg, but finished only in 1929 on the occasion of the thousandth anniversary of the death of St. Wenceslas. So far, the cathedral is working (regular mass on Sunday morning) and remains among a very few churches in Prague, also attended by the citizens themselves. There are to be admired especially the architecture of the church, the stained glass windows and the monument to St. John of Nepomuk. (First part open to visitors free of charge, whole cathedral with ticket, Mon-Sat: 9:00 to 17:00, Sun: 12:00 – 17:00)
2) Old Royal Palace – the former seat of Bohemian kings. The palace was founded with the whole of Prague Castle towards the end of the 9th century and was home to several generations of kings until the 16th century, when the Habsburgs began to use other spaces. During the Old Habsburg period Royal Palace hosts the Royal Palace Rooms (local administration of Bohemia). (Open with ticket, Mon-Sun: 9:00 – 17:00)
3) St George’s Basilica – the oldest building in the Prague Castle. Its construction began in the middle of 12th century. In the Baroque period was adjusted and added to the main front side chapel of St. John of Nepomuk. The church was only used for tourists and concerts of classical music. (Open with ticket, Mon-Sun: 9:00 – 17:00)
4) Golden Lane – with the old houses of the archers of the Prague Castle. From 3rd May 2010 is the Alley closed because of restoration works, which will take several years.
Ticket: Old Royal Palace, Basilica of St. George, Rosenberg Palace (Institute of Ladies), St. Vitus Cathedral Palace => 250 CZK / adult, 125 CZK / children and students